Protesters Out Again in Sao Paulo 06/19 07:20
SAO PAULO (AP) -- Tens of thousands of Brazilians again flooded the streets
of the country's biggest city to raise a collective cry -- people are weighed
down by high taxes and high prices but get low-quality public services and a
system of government infected with corruption.
That was the repeated message Tuesday night in Sao Paulo, where upward of
50,000 people massed in front of the city's main cathedral. While mostly
peaceful, the demonstration followed the rhythm of protests that drew 240,000
people across Brazil the previous night, with small bands of radicals splitting
off to fight with police and break into stores.
Mass protests have been mushrooming across Brazil since demonstrations
called last week by a group angry over the high cost of a woeful public
transport system and a recent 10-cent hike in bus and subway fares in Sao
Paulo, Rio and elsewhere.
The local governments in at least four cities have now agreed to reverse
those hikes, and city and federal politicians have shown signs that the Sao
Paulo fare could also be rolled back. It's not clear that will calm the
country, though, because the protests have released a seething litany of
discontent from Brazilians over life's struggles.
Yet, beyond complaints about the cost for bus and subway rides, protesters
haven't produced a laundry list of concrete demands. Demonstrators mainly are
expressing deep anger and discontentment -- not just with the ruling
government, but with the entire governing system. A common chant at the rallies
has been "No parties!"
"What I hope comes from these protests is that the governing class comes to
understand that we're the ones in charge, not them, and the politicians must
learn to respect us," said Yasmine Gomes, a 22-year-old squeezed into the plaza
in central Sao Paulo where Tuesday night's protest began.
President Dilma Rousseff, a former leftist guerrilla who was imprisoned and
tortured during Brazil's 1964-85 dictatorship, hailed the protests for raising
questions and strengthening Brazil's democracy. "Brazil today woke up
stronger," she said in a statement.
Yet Rousseff offered no actions that her government might take to address
complaints, even though her administration is a prime target of demonstrators'
The protests have brought troubling questions about security in the country,
which is playing host this week to soccer's Confederations Cup and will welcome
Pope Francis in July for a visit to Rio de Janeiro and rural Sao Paulo.
Brazil's media has scrambled to cover the sprawling protests _ coverage that
in some cases raised the ire of protesters, in particular that of the powerful
Globo TV network. Whenever what appears to be a Globo helicopter swoops over a
demonstration, protesters hiss, raise their fists and chant slogans against the
network for what they say was its failure to widely show images of a violent
police crackdown on protesters last week in Sao Paulo.
Brazilian demonstrations in recent years generally had tended to attract
small numbers of politicized participants, but the latest mobilizations have
united huge crowds around a central complaint: The government provides woeful
public services even as the economy is modernizing and growing.
The Brazilian Tax Planning Institute think tank found that the country's tax
burden in 2011 stood at 36 percent of gross domestic product, ranking it 12th
among the 30 countries with the world's highest tax burdens.
Yet public services such as schools are in sorry shape. The Organization for
Economic Co-operation and Development found in a 2009 educational survey that
literacy and math skills of Brazilian 15-year-olds ranked 53rd out of 65
countries, behind nations such as Bulgaria, Mexico, Turkey, Trinidad and
Tobago, and Romania.
Many protesting in Brazil's streets hail from the country's growing middle
class, which government figures show has ballooned by some 40 million over the
past decade amid a commodities-driven economic boom.
They say they've lost patience with endemic problems such as government
corruption and inefficiency. They're also slamming Brazil's government for
spending billions of dollars to host next year's World Cup soccer tournament
and the 2016 Olympics while leaving other needs unmet.
A November report from the government raised to $13.3 billion the projected
cost of stadiums, airport renovations and other projects for the World Cup.
City, state and other local governments are spending more than $12 billion on
projects for the Olympics in Rio. Nearly $500 million was spent to renovate
Maracana stadium in Rio for the World Cup even though the venue already went
through a significant face-lift before the 2007 Pan American Games.
Attorney Agatha Rossi de Paula, who attended the latest protest in Sao Paulo
along with her mother, called Brazil's fiscal priorities "an embarrassment."
"We just want what we paid in taxes back, through health care, education and
transportation," said the 34-year-old attorney. "We want the police to protect
us, to help the people on the streets who have ended up with no job and no
Although a single group set the protests in motion with its demonstrations
last week calling for lowered transit fares, the mass gatherings are showing no
evidence of any central leadership, with people using social media to call for
marches and rallies. Groups of Brazilians also staged small protests Tuesday in
other countries, including Mexico, Portugal, Spain and Denmark.
A cyber-attack knocked the government's official World Cup site offline
Tuesday, and the Twitter feed for Brazil's Anonymous hackers group posted links
to a host of other government websites whose content had been replaced by a
screen calling on citizens to come out to the streets.
Tuesday night's march in Sao Paulo started out peacefully but turned nasty
outside City Hall when a small group lashed out at police and tried to invade
Different groups of protesters faced off, one chanting "peace, peace" while
trying to form a human cordon to protect the building, the other trying to
clamber up metal poles to get inside. At one point, one person tried to seize a
metal barrier from another who was trying to use it to smash the building's
windows and doors.
The air was thick with police pepper spray and smoke after demonstrators set
a TV satellite truck and a police lookout booth on fire.